1 English sidelock ejector (n. phrase)
The classic two-barreled shotgun, a combination of function and beauty that achieves gunmaking perfection. Spanish sidelock ejectors are poor cheap copies for the less discerning or pretentious. Boxlock ejectors are a more basic gun for the financially disadvantaged.
2 Stock (n.)
The wooden part of the gun, which fits into the shoulder; in better-quality examples it may be made to measure from beautifully figured walnut. A cross-eyed stock is created for a right-handed shooter who has a left “master” eye; the stock fits into the right shoulder and curves sharply left in order to present the barrels under the shooter’s left eye (or, vice versa, goes into the left shoulder to present under the right eye).
3 Barrels (n.)
The hollow metal tubes from which the shot is fired and in which the breech is the end near the stock into which one inserts a cartridge (shell in the U.S.) and the muzzle is the end from which shot or bullet emerges. The best barrel design is the chopper-lump, created from a forging shaped like a chopper. Ancient Damascus barrels were made by twisting and hammering iron and steel together to produce great strength and intricate patterns within the metal reminiscent of damascened swords.
4 Hammergun (n.)
An old-fashioned design with external hammers that must be manually cocked before shooting.
5 Driven shooting (n. phrase)
At a driven shoot, the game—the quarry—is driven toward the guns—i.e., the shooters—by beaters, who flush the game. This is the most expensive form of shooting, offering the greatest test of marksmanship, since the birds have achieved maximum speed and height.
6 Walked-up shooting (n. phrase)
The style of shoot at which the game is flushed by guns or dogs, often pointers—dogs that “go on point” when they scent game.
7 Drive (n.)
A piece of ground that is “driven” toward the guns by the beaters. A day’s shooting might consist of four or more drives that may range in size from small parcels of woodland to, in the case of grouse shooting, sometimes 1,000 acres or more.
8 Grouse butt (n. phrase)
An enclosure, often built of stone, made to conceal a grouse shooter, who peers over the top and shoots when the birds are in range. Lines of butts, about 50 yards apart, are permanent fixtures on grouse moors, and often more than a century old.
9 Right-and-left (n. phrase)
A shooter who does a right-and-left gets a kill with each barrel of a double-barreled shotgun, considered a feat of marksmanship.
10 Eye wipe (n. phrase)
An eye wipe occurs when a gun shoots a bird that has been missed by a fellow shooter, and can cause amusement or resentment among the more competitive types.—JASON ABBOT
Jason Abbot founded Jason Abbot Gunmakers in 1974, specializing in high-quality English guns, which he buys, sells and restores. He is a well-known game shot who won the British Open Side-by-Side Championship in 1993, 1995 and 1999. He has written on guns for, among others, The Field, Shooting Times and Shooting Gun.